Canada Immigration FAQ

Last Updated on Aug

Canada has become a favorite destination for new immigrants because of the well regulated and clear policies introduced by the Canadian immigration system. Canada’s immigration system has been a role model for many countries. The biggest percentage of Economic immigrants come under the Express Entry program which gives an opportunity for Federal Skilled Workers, Canadian Experience Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class, and Provincial nominees to immigrate to Canada. Over the years, Canada has set an example of valuing and welcoming new immigrants and their cultures.

We have compiled a few Frequently Asked Questions which are often asked by people who wish to embark on their immigration journey to Canada. The answers to these questions will help clear your doubts and bring you one step closer to fulfill your dream of immigrating to Canada.

 

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    Few of the factors affecting your immigration to Canada through express entry are listed below:

    1. Missing documents

    2. Application forms not completed

    3. Incorrect photo

    4. Not monitoring your Express Entry Profile

    5. Delay at the Visa Office (VO)

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    Post submitting your immigration application online via Express Entry after receiving your ITA, the general wait time for the completion of the entire process is around 6 months. The timer starts from the time you submit your immigration application and receive an Acknowledgement of Receipt (AOR) from the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). A status bar of 6 months appears in your Express Entry profile which displays the progress of your Canada immigration application. 80 % of the applications are processed within the 6-month time period whereas there are times when some immigration applications take around 8-12 months to be completed.

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    Before entering the pool
    ItemCost Required or Optional
    Education Credential Assessment (ECA) $200+Required for FSWC, FSTC & CEC candidates, who studied outside Canada
    Language test(s)$200+Required
    Government fees
    ItemCost Required or Optional
    Processing fee $825Required
    Right of permanent residence fee$500Required
    Addition of accompanying spouse/partner$825 for processing fee, $500 for right of permanent residence Required, if applicable
    Addition of dependent child(ren)$225 per childRequired, if applicable
    Other items and costs
    ItemCost Required or Optional
    Police clearance certificate(s) Depends on the country. May range from free service to up to $100 or more. Required
    Medical report $200+Required

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    The following are a few things that need to be noted before submitting your final immigration application via your Express Entry Canada profile.

    1. Proof of Funds

    2. Police Clearance Certificate (PCC) and Medical Exams

    3. Having a Valid Job Offer

    4. Validate every information in the Express Entry Canada profile

    5. ECA for FSTC and CEC applicants

     

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    The process of qualifying for an Invitation to Apply (ITA) to immigrate to Canada is quite competitive. Every single addition in the CRS score can put your immigration application way ahead than other candidates. You can keep submitting new and updated information to your Express Entry Canada profile to increase your CRS score.

    There are five best ways in which you can look at increasing your CRS score to increase your chances of receiving an ITA as listed below:

     

    1. Increased Language Scores: Language ability gives you a chance to earn up to 260 points for a single candidate. Learning French also helps you add a few extra points to your kitty.
    2. Extra Educational Credential Assessments (ECA): You can increase your ECA score by adding an extra degree to your educational record. (For eg: Getting a masters degree from a university that is recognized by WES can boost your total CRS points)
    3. Work Experience: Work experience in Canada is more esteemed than non-Canadian work experience. However, if you have less than 3 years of work experience then completing 3 years gives you a great chance of increasing your CRS score.
    4. Provincial Nominee Program: Obtaining a Canadian Provincial Nominations increases your CRS score by 600 points thus guaranteeing you an ITA in the next IRCC draw.
    5. Job Offer: Getting a job offer when you are outside Canada can be difficult. However, in the rare circumstance that you are able to get yourself a job offer, it adds about 50 points to your CRS score

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    Once you qualify, you will receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) from the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) in your Express Entry Canada profile. You will have 60 days to submit your completed immigration application online to the IRCC for permanent residence to Canada. The application will require you to answer some extra information in a detailed manner which needs to be backed up with supporting documents.

    Usually, 80% of the submitted Express Entry Canada applications get processed in 6 months but there are times that some applications take about 11-12 months to be processed. During this processing period, extensive criminal and background checks are done with the information provided in your application.

     

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    Once your Express Entry Canada profile has been created, you will have to wait for the bi-weekly draw that is conducted by the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). If your CRS score is above the cut-off announced by the IRCC, then you will automatically receive an ITA in your Express Entry Canada profile explaining the next immigration steps that need to be taken by you to achieve your Canada PR.

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    You will get the option of enrolling in the Job Bank after you complete your Express Entry application. You can also sign up at a later date by visiting https://www.jobbank.gc.ca/home for more information.

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    You can now create an Express Entry Canada Immigration profile and enter your profile into the Express Entry pool with other qualified people. You can register yourself at https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/application/register.html with a GCkey by creating a unique username and password for yourself. You will have to create an account and answer some security questions to setup you Express Entry Canada profile.

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    1. Passport

    2. Language Test score

    3. Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)

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    Before Entering the Express Entry pool

    Canada introduced the point-based immigration system way back in 1967. You are eligible to enroll under three Canadian Immigration Programs via the Express Entry Canada program: Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSW), Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC), and Canadian Experience Class (CEC). The FSW immigration program uses selection factor points to know if you are eligible for the FSW Program. After assessing the selection factors, you will be assigned a score out of 100. You may qualify for an FSW program if you are able to score 67 points or higher.

     

    After Entering Express Entry Canada Pool

    Once you have entered into the Express Entry Canada pool, you will receive a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score irrespective of the immigration program that you have applied. This CRS score will determine your rank in the Express Entry pool along with other candidates. The CRS score is the crucial factor that decides who receives the Invitation to Apply (ITA) when Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) conducts their bi-weekly Express Entry draw.

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    You will need to ascertain your eligibility into 3 main categories of the Federal Express Immigration in Express Entry program namely:

    1. The Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC)

    This immigration program is for skilled workers with foreign experience who wish to immigrate to Canada permanently

    2. The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

    This immigration program is for skilled workers who have Canadian work experience and wish to become permanent residents of Canada

    3. The Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC)

    This immigration program is for skilled workers who wish to become permanent residents of Canada based on being qualified in a skilled trade

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    Express Entry Canada is an online immigration system that manages and processes applications of skilled workers who wish to immigrate to Canada and obtain Permanent Residency. The Express Entry Canada system is the most popular way of immigration to Canada. The Express Entry Canada system ranks all qualified individuals against each other in a point-based system also known as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS score is based on your age, language proficiency, education, work experience, and a few other factors. If your CRS score is above the cut-off draw, then you will be considered for an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence in Canada.

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    • You may receive Canada PNP nominations from multiple provinces and territories; however, you may accept only one PNP nomination. Your profile will remain in the Express Entry pool until you accept the PNP nomination.
    • You are under no obligation to accept a Canada PNP nomination and may decline it if you don’t intend to stay in a particular province that has nominated you.
    • A PNP nomination by a province does not guarantee that you will be eligible for permanent residency. The final decision to issue a visa rests with the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
    • Please ensure that the information provided by you in your Express Entry profile remains truthful and accurate at all times. Any change in your circumstances must be updated in your profile

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    You will receive a response from the province once they have made a decision based on the documents provided by you. The Canada PNP decision letter will be sent via email as well as it appears in your Express Entry profile. Once the province wishes to nominate you for their Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), they will notify you and then you have 30 calendar days from the date of their correspondence to accept the PNP nomination.

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    passport copy, copy of approved language tests such as IELTS, and your Education Credential Assessment (ECA) original or copy. They will also need copies of your degrees, reference letters from your employers stating specific details as mentioned in the checklist.

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    You can apply for Canada PNP in the online Express Entry process in two ways: Contacting Province Directly Accepting Notification of Interest (NOI) Contacting Province Directly You can contact the province directly and apply for a PNP nomination under the Express Entry stream. Based on their PNP requirements, the province agrees to nominate you and updates your Express Entry profile to show that you have been nominated. For more information on this topic visit and select the province you wish to move: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/immigrate-canada/provincial-nominees/works.html So, the above Contacting Province Directly process will look like: Visiting the above link -> Selecting the Province you are interested in -> Wait for them to respond Accepting Notification of Interest (NOI) from the Province A province sends you a “Notification of Interest (NOI) to your account if your profile fits their PNP requirements. It is up to you if you wish to accept the NOI sent by the province for their Canada PNP program. Notification of Interest (NOI) from a province gets sent to your Express Entry profile stating that the province is interested in considering you for nomination under their Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). Once you receive an NOI, you have to contact the province directly within two weeks via email stating that you wish to proceed with the Canada PNP process. You must provide your Express Entry profile number and a screenshot of the NOI received from the province in your email. The province explicitly informs you that this is just a letter of interest and that it is not a guarantee that you will be nominated by them. Canada PNP nomination happens only after you qualify all the requirements of the province. The province will confirm your information and will send you an email requesting you to submit an application, which includes a form to fill out and a document checklist listing all the required documents. Some provinces charge a fee for applying while others let you apply for free. There is usually a deadline for applying so make sure that you start working on it right away. So, the above Acceptance of Notification of Interest process will look like: You Receive NOI -> Express your Interest via e-mail -> Wait for them to respond

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    Canada operates in a two-tiered immigration system i.e. Federal and Provincial levels under a shared jurisdiction between various provinces. Almost all ten Canadian provinces and three territories follow this protocol. A Canada Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) means provinces get to nominate an individual or a skilled worker candidate to come to their province with the specific skills set as required by their local economies (businesses).

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    The Canada PNP Program is designed for individuals who: Have the skills, education and work experience to contribute to the economy of a specific province or territory Want to live in that province, and Want to become Permanent Residents of Canada

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